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(plural compendia). A short but detailed collection of information pertaining to a body of knowledge. A compendium aims at a complete account of a particular subject or specific field of human interest, or may summarize a larger work.

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A book or an electronic resource containing a list of words, often arranged alphabetically, along with information on their forms, meanings, etymologies, pronunciations, and syntactic and idiomatic uses; or a reference work listing alphabetically the words of one language and giving their equivalents in another language.

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(BE; encyclopedia, AE) A book, a set of books, or an electronic resource containing a number of articles on different subjects or on one particular subject, usually arranged in alphabetical order for easy reference.

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A type of reference work that gives information such as facts on a particular subject, instructions or guidances, and that is intended to provide ready reference.

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A book containing (a list of) the words in a language (and their definitions) in aphabetical order. The word lexicon derives from the Greek λεξικόν (lexikon), neuter of λεξικός (lexikos) meaning ‘of or for words’.

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Living handbook

A handbook which expands its original content base by adding new content or making additions and corrections, thus evolving over time. A living handbook often relies on collaborative content production.

Reference work

A book or an electronic resource to which one can refer for information and authoritative facts. Reference works are usually referred to for particular pieces of information, and the information is compiled for ease of reference, e.g. by using indices. Examples include encyclopaedias, dictionaries, manuals, lexica, thesauri, catalogues, bibliographies, atlases, glossaries, handbooks.

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(plural thesauri or thesauruses). A reference work for finding synonyms of words. Words are usually either grouped in a hierarchicaly taxonomy of concepts or organized alphabetically. Some thesauri additionally provide information on the distinctions between similar words, often by describing their meanings and usages or their connotations.

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